11) Thorncrown Chapel, USA
The American Institute of Architects bestowed this chapel, and its designer, E. Fay Jones, the prestigious National Honor Award as one of the top 10 buildings of the 20th century. Jones is quoted as saying the style is “Ozark Gothic”, and mandated that only natural materials be used. While a steel structure is used for internal support, the major building materials are pine from which wooden trusses were made, and native flagstone and rock indigenous to area. The designer restricted the size of the pieces–only those which could be moved manually by two workers were allowed–and larger structures were put together on site. Having 425 windows, the chapel undergoes dramatic changes as the natural light moves through the trees amongst which the structure is built. Because of this, the chapel appears different not only at different hours of the day, but also different seasons of the year.
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